jueves, 29 de noviembre de 2007
miércoles, 21 de noviembre de 2007
domingo, 21 de octubre de 2007
Castle Fuentidueña of Tajo is on a hill that dominates the population called Loma del Castillo, next to the cemetery in the town of Fuentidueña of Tajo, in the province of Madrid.
There are indications that could be built in the twelfth century and expanded or rebuilt in the fourteenth century. Its history is connected with the Reconquista and the kings Alfonso VI and Alfonso VIII.
miércoles, 17 de octubre de 2007
lunes, 8 de octubre de 2007
Tiedra belonged to the kingdom of Leon and was border with the kingdom of Castilla in the XII.
The castle of Tiedra comprises of the historical line of defense of the Torozos mounts. Its construction dates between centuries XII and XIII, giving an idea us of the simple thing that they were these primitive defensive constructions, because as still we see there it dealed with one massive tower surrounded and encastillada within a defensive enclosure. This castle of Tiedra is formed by a square tower protected by close. The tower is of ashlar masonry, consists of several vaulted floors and has three ajimezados hollows of little width. They conserve matacanes on which the nonexistent battlements would go. As far as close it is necessary to say that it has little height, it forms exagonal and is constructed in sillarejo. This old castle was possession of the linajudas families terracampinas of the Meneses and the Girón.
sábado, 6 de octubre de 2007
jueves, 4 de octubre de 2007
lunes, 1 de octubre de 2007
This magnificent castle dominates the small town of Banos de la Encina which lies about 28 miles north of the city of Jaen.
its fifteen ten metre high towers, the fortress was constructed on the orders of Al-Hakam II, who dominated the area, and was completed in 970.
Originally named simply Baños, the village bacame 'de la Encina' ('of the holm oaks') in the 13th Century, when an apparition of the Virgin Mary was reported to have occurred amongst the oak trees.
domingo, 30 de septiembre de 2007
The castle this formed by the set of the monumental tower and the románica church of San Martin, something subsequent to the tower because it would be of end of century XI, although was reconstructed in the century XVI, and that has the leaned North wall to the imposing tower.
viernes, 28 de septiembre de 2007
jueves, 27 de septiembre de 2007
In 955 the first Caliph of Al-Andalus, Adb Al Rahman III established Almeria as an important port for trade throughout the Mediterranean. He authorised the building of the Alcazaba and the castle on a hill overlooking the bay of Almeria.
Although today the Alcazaba is principally an area of gardens with fabulous views overlooking the sea and the mountains, it was originally capable of containing and supporting a population of up to 20,000 people within its walls. These perimeter walls extend to a total of 1430 metres, making Almeria the second largest Moorish fortification in Spain after the Alhambra in Granada.
At one end of the Alcazaba is the (relatively) more recent castle, built after the Christian reconquest. The simple strong lines of the castle are set off by elegant touches of Mudejar embellishment. The word "Mudejar" denotes the style of architecture which was adopted in much of southern Spain as the formerly Moorish stonemasons and craftsmen continued their work under the influence of their new Christian masters. It is a style that leaves traces even in many modern buildings in Andalucia today.
miércoles, 26 de septiembre de 2007
lunes, 24 de septiembre de 2007
The Castle of Alaro is a old castle of Majorca with an altitude of 822 M. The castle is located in the municipality of Alaró and is an extraordinary viewpoint from which the bays of Palma and Alcudia are descried and the Mountain range of Tramontana. In the top of the mountain there is the old fortification from Muslim time.
The mountain also welcomes from century XVII the Sanctuary of the Mother of God of Refuge and one hospedería.
The history of the Castle of Alaró intimately is bound to develops it legendary carried out by Guillem Cabrit and Guillem Bassa, personages who died burned in century XIII, after to have defended ferociously the fortification, when staying faithful to Jaime II of Majorca and being against to the occupation of the island by Alfonso II of Aragón.
The castle where Benedict lived from 1417 until his death in 1423 was restored, improved and new walls were added in 1960 when Anthony Mann's film El Cid was partially filmed there. The town and castle of Peñiscola were playing the role of Valencia. The castle is now a popular tourist attraction.
domingo, 23 de septiembre de 2007
The Castle of Manzanares el Real, 30 miles north of Madrid, is most famous for its castle that is an imposing example of the military architecture of the 15th century in Spain. The construction of the castle began in the year 1475, at a time when Madrid had little more than 100 houses and about 300 citizens. The castle has a quadrangular plant with four towers on the corners. Three cylindrical towers and a larger one known as Torre del Homenaje (Homage Tower) with a squared layout. Each of the three cylindrical towers is crowned with smaller towers, and the "Homage Tower" is finished off with another smaller octagonal tower. The body of the castle has sides of 30 meters and the cylindrical towers have a diameter of 6.5 meters at the base. The central courtyard (called Patio de Armas) is surrounded by corridors with arcades as an example of the late Gothic style with Mudejar influence. Finally, the castle is surrounded by a barbican wall with a single entrance through a beautiful gate facing the west side and flanked by two solid towers. All the walls of the barbican have arrow loops in the shape of the cross of Jesusalem.
The castle of Manzanares el Real appears in the movie "El Cid" (1961) featuring Charlton Heston and Sophia Loren.
sábado, 22 de septiembre de 2007
Peñafiel Castle is built with stone from Campaspero. It measures 210 metres long, and 33 wide. Largely responsible for building the castle we see today was Don Juan Manuel. He was one of the richest lords in Castile and played an very active part in the politics of the kingdom. He was married to the granddaughter of King Ferdinand III. He also occupies an important place in Spanish literature as one of its most important writers from the Middle Ages. He was the prototype of the medieval knight; not only involved in wars but also cultivated.
viernes, 21 de septiembre de 2007
martes, 18 de septiembre de 2007
domingo, 16 de septiembre de 2007
The castle of Cuellar in Segovia, is a very old strength that already existed in century XI although the present building data of centuries XIV and XV
sábado, 15 de septiembre de 2007
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The origin Arab castle was built upon fortress visigodo and I castrate Roman, is in upper of Sigüenza. One began to construct in year 1,123 to serve as palace-strength and calls to account of the bishops who were gentlemen of the city during seven centuries. As such residence, is witness during centuries of important episodes and visits of historical personages. In century XIX the abolition of the señoríos and the confiscation caused its abandonment, that took it to the almost total destruction during the Civil War, until its restoration began and conversion in Inn in 1976.
All the architectonic set deserves to be visited. From the battlements the complete panorama of the city is descried perfectly, fulfilling its defensive mission. A door in the wall introduces to us in the parade ground, provided in its center with a deep providing water well, essential to resist long sieges. In the interior it emphasizes the impressive Hall the Throne or the Red Hall, in which the bishops distributed justice. Also it has a pretty chapel and a cell where some say that it lived, until the moment of their exile, Doña Blanca de Borbón, wife of Pedro I the Cruel one. Other theories suppose their residence in one of the towers of the castle, that conserves its name and from which could contemplate the city and listen to the bells of the churches of Santiago and San Vicente. Its unfortunate history stages every year in the Medieval Days Within one of its towers is conserved, although very reformed, the first church of Sigüenza, call of Santa Cruz, constructed in century XII and with decoration to mudéjar in its interior.
viernes, 14 de septiembre de 2007
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Caesaraugusta, the Roman Zaragoza, was surrounded by a wall with numerous towers, possibly 120. Their walls had a considerable thickness, being the outer part of sillares of alabaster and limestone, and the interior of a mortar of great hardness. The date of construction of the Roman wall is not known with exactitude, but it thinks that the present rest date from centuries II and III d.C. Possibly a primitive wall of the time of Augusto existed, at the moment of the foundation of the city, towards century I a.C., that served as laying of foundations the new wall. It was reaprovechada by Muslim visigodos and, exerting an important defensive function during the Average Age. In century XIV, the wall still turned its mission during the War of both Peters that took place during years 1356 and 1369. As of that moment the expansion of the city made it unnecessary, and as of century XV it went dismantling.
jueves, 13 de septiembre de 2007
The Castle of Fuensadaña in Valladolid (Castilla) was constructed in century XV by the family as it calls to account satately. It was reformed in century XX. As curiosity is possible to emphasize that in this castle the catholic kings passed their honeymoon.
martes, 11 de septiembre de 2007
Castle of Coca was constructed in 1473, he is one of most impressive of Spain and Europe. It was constructed next to the meander that draws the Voltoya river. The basic material is the brick, that is used not only as material of work, but also like decorative element, creating showy games of colors and forms. The limestone stone is used single is used for the saeteras, the decorative columns of the Parade ground and some elements.
Spain is the country with more castles and fortifications of all Europe. Centuries of fights of the different Christian kingdoms against the Muslims, between they themselves and against other European Christian kingdoms like France, Portugal or England, seeded Corona Castilla, Corona de Aragón and last kingdom of the Al-Andalus, the kingdom of Granada, of thousand of castles and fortifications.